A Patient's Guide to Eczema
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Facts About Eczema

Facts About Eczema: Triggers and Symptoms
Click on the boxes on the diagram to get more information on key facts including triggers and symptoms of eczema.

Dry Skin
There is a lack-lustre appearance to the skin and it looks and feels scaly. This dryness occurs even in the areas of skin not involved directly with active eczema.

There is no eczema without having inflammation. This is likely due to the immunological response.

Secondary Infection
The skin of individuals with atopic eczema behaves as if it was immune suppressed. This means that it can be more readily infected by bacteria, viruses and fungi. Staphylococcus aureus infection of the skin is very common and frequently leads to small erosions, fissures, and yellow crusting.

Frequent Flare-Ups
In atopic dermatitis it is typical for there to be episodes of calm mixed with flares ups of eczema.

Family History
There is frequently a personal or family history of eczema, asthma and hay fever.

Eczema has been called “the itch that rashes”. In reality the features of eczema come about in part from the scratching of the skin as a result of the itching.

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